Chapters 4, 5 and 6

Completely revised and largely rewritten versions of chapters 3, 4 and 5 have now been posted here as chapters 4, 5, and 6 respectively. This completes the “Method” part of my book.

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Recent thesis on libraries and peacebuilding

A Bacheloroppgave (bachelor’s thesis) on libraries and peacebuilding, by Natalia Bermudez Qvortrup, has recently been accepted by the Høgskolen i Oslo og Akershus, Institutt for arkiv-, bibliotek- og informasjonsfag, in Oslo, Norway. The title is “Libraries and peacebuilding: the role of public libraries in post-conflict societies: a systematic review”.  Here is the abstract:

The aim of this paper is to contribute to a better understanding of the roles of libraries in postconflict societies. It analyses the roles that public libraries have taken on to help re-build postconflict societies after the 1980s. This paper systematically categorises the collected information in a theoretical framework, which combines John Paul Lederach’s theories of peacebuilding, and Peter Lor’s concept of a scale of library roles in peacebuilding. Searches were carried out in seven different databases. 48 papers were identified, of which only 22 fit the initial criteria and only 16 fit the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) criteria. These articles show that there are roughly nine roles libraries take on in post-conflict societies, all of which can be directly or indirectly implemented for peacebuilding. The results show that there is a difference between countries and continents in their approach to, and their levels of interest in, peacebuilding. Some articles demonstrate that tensions and conflicts escalate when communities do not have access to libraries or information. On the whole, there is insufficient research measuring the impact of libraries that have taken on a direct role in peacebuilding. Theoretically, however, many of the core library roles fulfil the necessary requirements for successful peacebuilding implementation approaches, yet have been completely overlooked in the peacebuilding field.

For those interested in libraries and peace, this is a systematic and useful piece of work and well worth looking at. It is available online at: https://fagarkivet-hioa.archive.knowledgearc.net/bitstream/handle/123456789/1021/106.pdf?sequence=1. I congratulate Natalia and hope that she will follow this up with further research on this topic.

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L4P: Libraries for Peace

The year 2016 was not a good year for peace-makers. We saw continuing violence and destruction in many parts of the world, as well as the rise of intolerant, ill-informed, and intransigent political leaders. I believe that librarians have a role – a duty – to play in combating war-talk and promoting peace. I draw your attention to an initiative of the Mortenson Center at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign. It has created a website http://librariesforpeace.org/, which includes a web page on which those interested can share stories of what their libraries are doing to promote peace, and learn what libraries around the world are currently doing. There is an interactive map on which librarians’ pledges for peace, celebratory events, and stories can be shared.

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Updates December 2016

The “Welcome”, “About me” and “Presentations” pages have been updated. In “About me” my curriculum vitae has been abridged and updated, and my lists of publications and of  papers and presentations have been updated. Links have been provided for most of the items listed in “Presentations” for 2015 and 2016.

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New Chapter 3

The new Chapter 3, Conceptual exploration, has been posted here. In it I attempt to tease out some key LIS concepts and explore some conceptual frameworks that may be useful for research in international and comparative librarianship.  This concludes the rewriting of Part I the book, “Conceptual Foundations”. As always, comments and questions will be welcomed.

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Libraries promoting peace: cherished illusion or opportunity for action

Following up on my earlier post, here is a PowerPoint I presented at the School of Information Studies, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee, on 6 September, 2016.

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Libraries and Peace: some current activities

In March I posted a message on IFLA’s listserv, IFLA-L, inviting colleagues to send me examples of library activities aimed at promoting peace. This was done with a view to a poster presentation at the 2016 IFLA Congress in Columbus, Ohio. I received interesting material from kind colleagues, for which my thanks. Unfortunately, a spell of illness and logistical problems have prevented me from producing the planned poster. Instead, I have used some of the responses to compiled the piece which you will find here.

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New Chapter 2

The new version of Chapter 2 has been posted here.

In this chapter I outline the development of a scholarly field that came to be referred to as international and comparative librarianship, with reference to the themes, genres, motives, and values reflected in the literature. I then outline the structure and current state of the scholarly research and literature in the two areas within the field, and attempt to define and delimit the scope of these interrelated areas. I conclude with some reflections on the possible impact on them of globalization.

 

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Marrakesh Treaty garners 20th ratification

Good news for blind and visually challenged people everywhere: Canada has become the 20th signatory of the Marrakesh Treaty, the WIPO Treaty on Copyright Exceptions for the Visually Impaired. This means that the treaty, approved in June 2013, can now enter into force.

This is good news, but the absence up to now of so many countries that are major producers of print materials is a sad commentary on the on-going struggle for access to prevail over commercial self-interest. For the record, the countries that have ratified the Treaty to date are: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Ecuador, South Korea, El Salvador, Guatemala, India, Israel, Mali, Mexico, Mongolia, Paraguay, Peru, North Korea, Singapore, United Arab Emirates, and Uruguay.  Where is Europe? Where is the USA? Where is South Africa?

For more information and background see Denise Nicholson’s blog post on the African Lii (African legal information) site, which participates in the free access to law movement.

 

 

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New chapter posted

At last. I’m in the process of rewriting the first five chapters of the book. Chapters 1 and 2 have been expanded to three. The ones that follow are being renumbered. The new Chapter 1 has been posted here. The next two will follow soon.

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